Diamond applications
[Image Courtesy: phys.org]

Diamonds have already found numerous industrial, scientific and other applications and the spread and depth of these applications is only increasing fast with new technological developments.

Cancer detection and treatment

University of Sydney’s research team investigated the use of nanodiamonds – nanoparticles derived from diamonds, in chemotherapies. Nanodiamonds can be used for cancer treatments by delivering chemotherapies directly to the target cells. However, apart from treatment, the team also found that the same nanodiamonds could also be used for cancer detection. Nanoparticles from Lab-grown diamonds can more effectively highlight the tumor cells and light them on the MRI. Being non-toxic and non-reactive and unlike other contrast agents, diamonds used in MR imaging can help in detecting early spread of cancers.

 

Quantum computing

At MIT’s annual Materials Day Symposium, diamond spintronics was among the leading cutting-edge technologies reported. To make the next technological leap, new family of quantum materials including Nitrogen Vacancy centers (NV) in diamonds are being considered an important part for scientific research. With properties of strength, wide optical transparency, chemical and biological stability, high thermal conductivity etc., diamond spintronics can be used for lot of applications within quantum computing including nano-magnetic imaging, gyroscopes, quantum information processing etc. Several diamond applications in embedded electronics, topological insulators, nanoscale magnetism, skyrmion computing, as quantum enabler etc. are being worked on.

 

High power laser systems

De Beers’ subsidiary and developer of Lab-grown diamonds – Element Six, recently announced a new range of diamonds optics – Diamond PureOptics. Inspired from a moth eye’s anti-reflective structure, the new optics range is an all diamond solution for improved reliability and high-power density to be used for high power CO2 laser systems. Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) based Lab-grown diamonds are becoming a material of choice for high-power laser systems as demand for faster through-put and new applications like extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography increase. Compared to other anti-reflective (AR) thin film coatings on laser windows, diamond materials offer 1000 times mechanical and thermal properties. Element Six’s Diamond Pure Optics is now available for shipment.

 

Similarly, various other fields are now finding diamond applications to hold promise of faster technological growth and better future.

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