Diamonds are the hardest material on earth, with high optical qualities, resistance and remarkable intrinsic properties. Their numerous applications range from drill bits to solar panels. With each passing day diamonds are helping scientists around the world to advance technology to new frontiers.
Reason behind 5G and 6G Networks
The University of Bristol is taking technology another step forward using Lab-grown diamonds to develop the next generation of wireless tech. It will work with four other universities (Cardiff, Glasgow, Cambridge and Birmingham) on developing a microwave technology called Gallium Nitrate (GaN) – on – Diamond. This will be used for high power radio frequency and microwave communications, space and defence technologies. The 5G and 6G mobile phone networks which are scheduled to launch commercially in 2018 and 2028 respectively are also said to be based on GaN-on-Diamond.
Diamond Anvil Cells to measure resistance of microbes
Russell Hamley, a professor at George Washington University is making diamond anvil cells to understand the resistance of microbes that live in the Earth’s crust. He is working with WD Lab Grown Diamonds (formerly Washington Diamond Corp.) to develop better diamonds that can withstand very high pressure.
(Super) Stones to Superconductors
In another case, physicists from Harvard University claimed to have turned Hydrogen into a metal, by squeezing it to pressure more than that exists in earth’s centre, using diamond vise. Solid metallic hydrogen is considered as superconductors, which can conduct electricity without any resistance.
Giving a Bling to Electronics
Another team of professors and engineers at Michigan State University are growing diamonds in their Fraunhofer lab. With a view to do university research they are taking Lab-grown diamonds to a whole new level by using them in making industrial devices. Because of the various properties of diamonds, they are the perfect material that can be used in computer, smart phones, and electronic cars to name a few.
Though Lab-grown diamonds currently account for less than 1% of global diamond market, its uses especially in enabling technology may enable it to acquire 7.5% of global diamond market by 2020, as per a Morgan Stanley report.